Today I present the preliminary oil study I created for my Bentley University portrait of the late Norman and Lida Smith. As mentioned previously, these small-scale paintings are an important part of the portrait process. They show my client what to expect in the final portrait, and allow me to resolve the composition, value scale and palette before starting the larger canvas. The preliminary study was vital in the instance of this posthumous portrait, since the scene was realized from several reference sources. Painted in oil on linen panel and measuring 5.75 x 7.75", this study allowed the scene to come to life for the very first time.